Investigating the presence of Pesticides in fruits and vegetables by the chromatographic method: A review


  • Shweta Borkar Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Goa College of Pharmacy, 18th June Road, Panaji–Goa
  • Jessica Gonsalves Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Goa College of Pharmacy, 18th June Road, Panaji–Goa



Pesticides, Extraction, Analytical Method, Spinach, Chromatography


The intensive development of agriculture means more and more toxic and inorganic compounds are entering the environment. Because of their widespread use, stability, selective toxicity, and bioaccumulation, pesticides are among the most toxic substances contaminating the environment. They are particularly dangerous in fruits and vegetables, by which people are exposed to them. It is therefore crucial to monitor pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables using various analytical methods. This article reviews various stages in the determination of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables. Here the target analyte has been isolated and then enriched before final determination which may be carried out either by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) method or Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (LC-MS) method. This review explores the analysis of multiple pesticide residues in spinach samples and walks through the step-by-step process of developing the analytical method, from sample preparation to analysis, best suited to the data requirements


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How to Cite

Borkar, S., & Gonsalves, J. (2020). Investigating the presence of Pesticides in fruits and vegetables by the chromatographic method: A review. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research, 8(4), 01-09.