Recent advancement in daignosis of gastrointestinal diseases


  • Pranit Saraswat Department of Pharmacy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak (C.E.T.), Bareilly, U.P
  • Pragati Khare Department of Pharmacy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak (C.E.T.), Bareilly, U.P
  • Ritesh Kumar Tiwari Department of Pharmacy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak (C.E.T.), Bareilly, U.P


Sigmoidoscopy, liver biopsy, endoscopy, acid bile reflux


Gastrointestinal diseases refer to ulcerative disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Stomach acids and some enzymes can damage the lining of the G.I. tract if natural protective factors are not functioning normally. Causes of gastrointestinal diseases are use of aspirin, alcohol and tobacco, poor diet (too many fried, fatty foods, sugar and refined foods), poor food combining, drinking with meals. Various diagnostic tests that can be performed for gastrointestinal diseases are Colonoscopy, ERCP, Flexible Sigmoidoscopy, Lower GI Series, Liver Biopsy, Upper GI Series, Upper Endoscopy.


Download data is not yet available.


Rex, Douglas K, Bond, John H, Winawer, Sidney, Levin, Theodore R, Burt, Randall W, Johnson, David A, Kirk, Lynne M, Litlin, Scott, Lieberman, David A, Waye, Jerome D, Church, James, Marshall, John B, Riddell and Robert H. Quality in the technical performance of colonoscopy and the continuous quality improvement process for colonoscopy: recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. The American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2002; 97(6):1296–1308.

Waye, Jerome D, Rex, Douglas K, Williams, Christopher B. Colonoscopy: principles and practice. Wiley-Blackwell. 2003; 210–211.

Farley D and Bannon M. Management of Colonoscopic Perforations. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2006: 729-733.

Dominitz JA, et al. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Complications of Colonsocopy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 2003; 57(4): 441-445.

Farrell JJ, Bounds BC, Al-Shalabi S, Jacobson BC, Brugge WR, Schapiro RH and Kelsey PB. Single-operator duodenoscope-assisted cholangioscopy is an effective alternative in the management of choledocholithiasis not removed by conventional methods, including mechanical lithotripsy. Endoscopy. 2005; 37(6): 542–547.

Andriulli A, Loperfido S, Napolitano G, Niro G, Valvano MR, Spirito F, Pilotto A and Forlano R. Incidence rates of post-ERCP complications: a systematic survey of prospective studies. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 2007; 102(8): 1781–1788.

Grant A and Neuberger J. Guidelines on the use of liver biopsy in clinical practice. British Society of Gastroenterology. Gut. 1999; 45(4): IV1–IV11.

Silva MA, Hegab B, Hyde C, Guo B, Buckels JA and Mirza DF). Needle track seeding following biopsy of liver lesions in the diagnosis of hepatocellular cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gut. 2008; 57(11): 1592–1596.



How to Cite

Saraswat, P., Khare, P., & Tiwari, R. . (2015). Recent advancement in daignosis of gastrointestinal diseases. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research, 3(4), 08-13. Retrieved from